Biography

A system in which the contradictions of a human life are unified.

The Wolf of Wall Street

Jordan Belfort

The supposed facts related by Belfort must be taken with a large dose of salt. He readily admits with some pride deceiving everyone he deals with including his wife and supposed friends and business partners. We would be quite gullible to then take h...

The Explorers: A Story of Fearless Outcasts, Blundering Geniuses, and Impossible Success

Martin Dugard

Unlock your inner explorer in this riveting account of one of history’s greatest adventures—and a study of the seven character traits all great explorers share. In 1856, two intrepid adventurers, Richard Francis Burton and John Hanning S...

Hero of the Empire: The Boer War, a Daring Escape, and the Making of Winston Churchill

Candice Millard

Candice Millard is internationally known for writing gripping, revealing, historically correct biographies of world-famous people like Roosevelt and Garfield. And now she's back with Hero of the Empire, an exciting, riveting chronology of Churchill's...

Eyes Wide Open

Isaac Lidsky

Fear is a pretty powerful feeling, and it makes us think of all kinds of terrifying things and stick with what's familiar. However, when new, difficult obstacles get in our way, we need to "adjust" to the new rules and to think outside the box, so to...

MADEMOISELLE CHANEL

C. W. GORTNER

Everybody in the fashion business knows the name of Coco Chanel - the gifted, strong-willed and insanely hard-working woman who single-handedly revolutionized the industry. She built a global empire and forever changed the way we dress in the 20th, 2...

BENEATH A SCARLET SKY: A NOVEL

MARK SULLIVAN

Mark Sullivan's new epic tale is heavily based on real events and the true story of an unsung hero, a fine young gentleman and his unbelievable bravery and resilience during World War 2. Pino never wanted to fight the Germans or anybody else. He was...

HILLBILLY ELEGY: A MEMOIR OF A FAMILY AND CULTURE IN CRISIS

J. D. VANCE

J. D. Vance, the author of this book, is a former marine, and in Hillbilly Elegy, he talks about the struggles that working-class American citizens have to deal with on a daily basis. It's a deep, intimate analysis of a cultural breakdown, a crisis i...

Whoops! There was an error.
ErrorException (E_WARNING)
file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 192 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space ErrorException thrown with message "file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 192 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space" Stacktrace: #7 ErrorException in /var/www/html/r80s/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Filesystem/Filesystem.php:122 #6 file_put_contents in /var/www/html/r80s/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Filesystem/Filesystem.php:122 #5 Illuminate\Filesystem\Filesystem:put in /var/www/html/r80s/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Session/FileSessionHandler.php:83 #4 Illuminate\Session\FileSessionHandler:write in /var/www/html/r80s/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Session/Store.php:128 #3 Illuminate\Session\Store:save in /var/www/html/r80s/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Session/Middleware/StartSession.php:87 #2 Illuminate\Session\Middleware\StartSession:terminate in /var/www/html/r80s/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Foundation/Http/Kernel.php:218 #1 Illuminate\Foundation\Http\Kernel:terminateMiddleware in /var/www/html/r80s/vendor/laravel/framework/src/Illuminate/Foundation/Http/Kernel.php:189 #0 Illuminate\Foundation\Http\Kernel:terminate in /var/www/html/r80s/public/index.php:60
7
ErrorException
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
122
6
file_put_contents
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
122
5
Illuminate
\
Filesystem
\
Filesystem
put
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
FileSessionHandler.php
83
4
Illuminate
\
Session
\
FileSessionHandler
write
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Store.php
128
3
Illuminate
\
Session
\
Store
save
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Middleware
/
StartSession.php
87
2
Illuminate
\
Session
\
Middleware
\
StartSession
terminate
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
218
1
Illuminate
\
Foundation
\
Http
\
Kernel
terminateMiddleware
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
189
0
Illuminate
\
Foundation
\
Http
\
Kernel
terminate
/
public
/
index.php
60
/
var
/
www
/
html
/
r80s
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @return string
     */
    public function hash($path)
    {
        return md5_file($path);
    }
 
    /**
     * Write the contents of a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $contents
     * @param  bool  $lock
     * @return int
     */
    public function put($path, $contents, $lock = false)
    {
        return file_put_contents($path, $contents, $lock ? LOCK_EX : 0);
    }
 
    /**
     * Prepend to a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return int
     */
    public function prepend($path, $data)
    {
        if ($this->exists($path)) {
            return $this->put($path, $data.$this->get($path));
        }
 
        return $this->put($path, $data);
    }
 
    /**
     * Append to a file.
Arguments
  1. "file_put_contents(): Only 0 of 192 bytes written, possibly out of free disk space"
    
/
var
/
www
/
html
/
r80s
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Filesystem
/
Filesystem.php
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @return string
     */
    public function hash($path)
    {
        return md5_file($path);
    }
 
    /**
     * Write the contents of a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $contents
     * @param  bool  $lock
     * @return int
     */
    public function put($path, $contents, $lock = false)
    {
        return file_put_contents($path, $contents, $lock ? LOCK_EX : 0);
    }
 
    /**
     * Prepend to a file.
     *
     * @param  string  $path
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return int
     */
    public function prepend($path, $data)
    {
        if ($this->exists($path)) {
            return $this->put($path, $data.$this->get($path));
        }
 
        return $this->put($path, $data);
    }
 
    /**
     * Append to a file.
Arguments
  1. "/var/www/html/r80s/storage/framework/sessions/TjeYJ2IHW4aIYCChQrtHENVemcJGQc69VImoSX2T"
    
  2. "a:3:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"zTYZZyluuQ3IINV7kidEJKYJNPM8HWUTEUfCXC4g";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:34:"http://r80s.com/category/biography";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
  3. 2
    
/
var
/
www
/
html
/
r80s
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
FileSessionHandler.php
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function read($sessionId)
    {
        if ($this->files->exists($path = $this->path.'/'.$sessionId)) {
            if (filemtime($path) >= Carbon::now()->subMinutes($this->minutes)->getTimestamp()) {
                return $this->files->get($path, true);
            }
        }
 
        return '';
    }
 
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function write($sessionId, $data)
    {
        $this->files->put($this->path.'/'.$sessionId, $data, true);
 
        return true;
    }
 
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function destroy($sessionId)
    {
        $this->files->delete($this->path.'/'.$sessionId);
 
        return true;
    }
 
    /**
     * {@inheritdoc}
     */
    public function gc($lifetime)
    {
        $files = Finder::create()
Arguments
  1. "/var/www/html/r80s/storage/framework/sessions/TjeYJ2IHW4aIYCChQrtHENVemcJGQc69VImoSX2T"
    
  2. "a:3:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"zTYZZyluuQ3IINV7kidEJKYJNPM8HWUTEUfCXC4g";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:34:"http://r80s.com/category/biography";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
  3. true
    
/
var
/
www
/
html
/
r80s
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Store.php
     *
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return string
     */
    protected function prepareForUnserialize($data)
    {
        return $data;
    }
 
    /**
     * Save the session data to storage.
     *
     * @return bool
     */
    public function save()
    {
        $this->ageFlashData();
 
        $this->handler->write($this->getId(), $this->prepareForStorage(
            serialize($this->attributes)
        ));
 
        $this->started = false;
    }
 
    /**
     * Prepare the serialized session data for storage.
     *
     * @param  string  $data
     * @return string
     */
    protected function prepareForStorage($data)
    {
        return $data;
    }
 
    /**
     * Age the flash data for the session.
     *
     * @return void
Arguments
  1. "TjeYJ2IHW4aIYCChQrtHENVemcJGQc69VImoSX2T"
    
  2. "a:3:{s:6:"_token";s:40:"zTYZZyluuQ3IINV7kidEJKYJNPM8HWUTEUfCXC4g";s:9:"_previous";a:1:{s:3:"url";s:34:"http://r80s.com/category/biography";}s:6:"_flash";a:2:{s:3:"old";a:0:{}s:3:"new";a:0:{}}}"
    
/
var
/
www
/
html
/
r80s
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Session
/
Middleware
/
StartSession.php
        if ($this->sessionConfigured()) {
            $this->storeCurrentUrl($request, $session);
 
            $this->addCookieToResponse($response, $session);
        }
 
        return $response;
    }
 
    /**
     * Perform any final actions for the request lifecycle.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Symfony\Component\HttpFoundation\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    public function terminate($request, $response)
    {
        if ($this->sessionHandled && $this->sessionConfigured() && ! $this->usingCookieSessions()) {
            $this->manager->driver()->save();
        }
    }
 
    /**
     * Start the session for the given request.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Contracts\Session\Session
     */
    protected function startSession(Request $request)
    {
        return tap($this->getSession($request), function ($session) use ($request) {
            $session->setRequestOnHandler($request);
 
            $session->start();
        });
    }
 
    /**
     * Get the session implementation from the manager.
/
var
/
www
/
html
/
r80s
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
     * @return void
     */
    protected function terminateMiddleware($request, $response)
    {
        $middlewares = $this->app->shouldSkipMiddleware() ? [] : array_merge(
            $this->gatherRouteMiddleware($request),
            $this->middleware
        );
 
        foreach ($middlewares as $middleware) {
            if (! is_string($middleware)) {
                continue;
            }
 
            list($name) = $this->parseMiddleware($middleware);
 
            $instance = $this->app->make($name);
 
            if (method_exists($instance, 'terminate')) {
                $instance->terminate($request, $response);
            }
        }
    }
 
    /**
     * Gather the route middleware for the given request.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return array
     */
    protected function gatherRouteMiddleware($request)
    {
        if ($route = $request->route()) {
            return $this->router->gatherRouteMiddleware($route);
        }
 
        return [];
    }
 
    /**
Arguments
  1. Request {
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: []
      #userResolver: Closure {
        class: "Illuminate\Auth\AuthServiceProvider"
        this: AuthServiceProvider { …}
        parameters: {
          $guard: {
            default: null
          }
        }
        use: {
          $app: Application { …}
        }
      }
      #routeResolver: Closure {
        class: "Illuminate\Routing\Router"
        this: Router { …}
        use: {
          $route: Route { …}
        }
      }
      +attributes: ParameterBag {}
      +request: ParameterBag {#1}
      +query: ParameterBag {#1}
      +server: ServerBag {}
      +files: FileBag {}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {}
      +headers: HeaderBag {}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
        0 => "text/html"
        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
      ]
      #pathInfo: "/category/biography"
      #requestUri: "/category/biography"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {}
    
/
var
/
www
/
html
/
r80s
/
vendor
/
laravel
/
framework
/
src
/
Illuminate
/
Foundation
/
Http
/
Kernel.php
     */
    protected function dispatchToRouter()
    {
        return function ($request) {
            $this->app->instance('request', $request);
 
            return $this->router->dispatch($request);
        };
    }
 
    /**
     * Call the terminate method on any terminable middleware.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    public function terminate($request, $response)
    {
        $this->terminateMiddleware($request, $response);
 
        $this->app->terminate();
    }
 
    /**
     * Call the terminate method on any terminable middleware.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Response  $response
     * @return void
     */
    protected function terminateMiddleware($request, $response)
    {
        $middlewares = $this->app->shouldSkipMiddleware() ? [] : array_merge(
            $this->gatherRouteMiddleware($request),
            $this->middleware
        );
 
        foreach ($middlewares as $middleware) {
            if (! is_string($middleware)) {
Arguments
  1. Request {
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: []
      #userResolver: Closure {
        class: "Illuminate\Auth\AuthServiceProvider"
        this: AuthServiceProvider { …}
        parameters: {
          $guard: {
            default: null
          }
        }
        use: {
          $app: Application { …}
        }
      }
      #routeResolver: Closure {
        class: "Illuminate\Routing\Router"
        this: Router { …}
        use: {
          $route: Route { …}
        }
      }
      +attributes: ParameterBag {}
      +request: ParameterBag {#1}
      +query: ParameterBag {#1}
      +server: ServerBag {}
      +files: FileBag {}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {}
      +headers: HeaderBag {}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
        0 => "text/html"
        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
      ]
      #pathInfo: "/category/biography"
      #requestUri: "/category/biography"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {}
    
/
var
/
www
/
html
/
r80s
/
public
/
index.php
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Run The Application
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Once we have the application, we can handle the incoming request
| through the kernel, and send the associated response back to
| the client's browser allowing them to enjoy the creative
| and wonderful application we have prepared for them.
|
*/
 
$kernel = $app->make(Illuminate\Contracts\Http\Kernel::class);
 
$response = $kernel->handle(
    $request = Illuminate\Http\Request::capture()
);
 
$response->send();
 
$kernel->terminate($request, $response);
 
Arguments
  1. Request {
      #json: null
      #convertedFiles: []
      #userResolver: Closure {
        class: "Illuminate\Auth\AuthServiceProvider"
        this: AuthServiceProvider { …}
        parameters: {
          $guard: {
            default: null
          }
        }
        use: {
          $app: Application { …}
        }
      }
      #routeResolver: Closure {
        class: "Illuminate\Routing\Router"
        this: Router { …}
        use: {
          $route: Route { …}
        }
      }
      +attributes: ParameterBag {}
      +request: ParameterBag {#1}
      +query: ParameterBag {#1}
      +server: ServerBag {}
      +files: FileBag {}
      +cookies: ParameterBag {}
      +headers: HeaderBag {}
      #content: null
      #languages: null
      #charsets: null
      #encodings: null
      #acceptableContentTypes: array:4 [
        0 => "text/html"
        1 => "application/xhtml+xml"
        2 => "application/xml"
        3 => "*/*"
      ]
      #pathInfo: "/category/biography"
      #requestUri: "/category/biography"
      #baseUrl: ""
      #basePath: null
      #method: "GET"
      #format: null
      #session: Store {}
      #locale: null
      #defaultLocale: "en"
      -isHostValid: true
      -isForwardedValid: true
      basePath: ""
      format: "html"
    }
    
  2. Response {}
    

Environment & details:

empty
empty
empty
empty
empty
Key Value
REDIRECT_PATH
"/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin"
REDIRECT_STATUS
"200"
PATH
"/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin"
HTTP_HOST
"r80s.com"
HTTP_ACCEPT_ENCODING
"x-gzip, gzip, deflate"
HTTP_USER_AGENT
"CCBot/2.0 (http://commoncrawl.org/faq/)"
HTTP_ACCEPT
"text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8"
SERVER_SIGNATURE
"<address>Apache/2.4.10 (Debian) Server at r80s.com Port 80</address>\n"
SERVER_SOFTWARE
"Apache/2.4.10 (Debian)"
SERVER_NAME
"r80s.com"
SERVER_ADDR
"192.210.206.3"
SERVER_PORT
"80"
REMOTE_ADDR
"54.226.179.247"
DOCUMENT_ROOT
"/var/www/html/r80s/public"
REQUEST_SCHEME
"http"
CONTEXT_PREFIX
""
CONTEXT_DOCUMENT_ROOT
"/var/www/html/r80s/public"
SERVER_ADMIN
"admin@example.com"
SCRIPT_FILENAME
"/var/www/html/r80s/public/index.php"
REMOTE_PORT
"56318"
REDIRECT_URL
"/category/biography"
GATEWAY_INTERFACE
"CGI/1.1"
SERVER_PROTOCOL
"HTTP/1.0"
REQUEST_METHOD
"GET"
QUERY_STRING
""
REQUEST_URI
"/category/biography"
SCRIPT_NAME
"/index.php"
PHP_SELF
"/index.php"
REQUEST_TIME_FLOAT
1516453977.187
REQUEST_TIME
1516453977
APP_NAME
"Laravel"
APP_ENV
"local"
APP_KEY
"base64:2rULIz7E7b+m5x15vNu9GWPpasPW6jjAzA0hePMWOWc="
APP_DEBUG
"true"
APP_LOG_LEVEL
"debug"
APP_URL
"http://r80s.com"
DB_CONNECTION
"mysql"
DB_HOST
"127.0.0.1"
DB_PORT
"3306"
DB_DATABASE
"epub"
DB_USERNAME
"epub"
DB_PASSWORD
"nemesis-567"
BROADCAST_DRIVER
"log"
CACHE_DRIVER
"file"
SESSION_DRIVER
"file"
QUEUE_DRIVER
"sync"
REDIS_HOST
"127.0.0.1"
REDIS_PASSWORD
"null"
REDIS_PORT
"6379"
MAIL_DRIVER
"smtp"
MAIL_HOST
"smtp.mailtrap.io"
MAIL_PORT
"2525"
MAIL_USERNAME
"null"
MAIL_PASSWORD
"null"
MAIL_ENCRYPTION
"null"
PUSHER_APP_ID
""
PUSHER_APP_KEY
""
PUSHER_APP_SECRET
""
Key Value
APP_NAME
"Laravel"
APP_ENV
"local"
APP_KEY
"base64:2rULIz7E7b+m5x15vNu9GWPpasPW6jjAzA0hePMWOWc="
APP_DEBUG
"true"
APP_LOG_LEVEL
"debug"
APP_URL
"http://r80s.com"
DB_CONNECTION
"mysql"
DB_HOST
"127.0.0.1"
DB_PORT
"3306"
DB_DATABASE
"epub"
DB_USERNAME
"epub"
DB_PASSWORD
"nemesis-567"
BROADCAST_DRIVER
"log"
CACHE_DRIVER
"file"
SESSION_DRIVER
"file"
QUEUE_DRIVER
"sync"
REDIS_HOST
"127.0.0.1"
REDIS_PASSWORD
"null"
REDIS_PORT
"6379"
MAIL_DRIVER
"smtp"
MAIL_HOST
"smtp.mailtrap.io"
MAIL_PORT
"2525"
MAIL_USERNAME
"null"
MAIL_PASSWORD
"null"
MAIL_ENCRYPTION
"null"
PUSHER_APP_ID
""
PUSHER_APP_KEY
""
PUSHER_APP_SECRET
""
0. Whoops\Handler\PrettyPageHandler